If you are traveling to Peru, then you should consider Cusco, which is the capital of Cusco Province. The city, which is located on the southeastern part of Peru, was named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983. According to the Constitution of Peru, Cusco is the country’s historical capital.

The climate in Cusco is subtropical, with two distinct seasons. The rainy season is usually between November and March. Although there is usually hail and frost, it does not snow, with the most recent snowfall having taken place in June of 1911!

The dry season is between April and October, when there will be occasional freezes at night, although there is plenty of sunshine during the day. The coolest month is July, with an average temperature of 9.6 degrees Celsius. In 2006, Cusco was declared as the place with the highest levels of ultraviolet light in the world.

In the past, mining and farming used to be the main sources of revenue but tourism has currently taken the lead. The agricultural produce common here are corn, bread bean, potato, barley and quinua.

The Cusco airport, Velasco Astete, was named after Alejandro Velasco Astete. In 1925, this Peruvian pilot was the first pilot to fly over the Andes. In September of that year, Alejandro Velasco Astete lost his life when he crashed after avoiding a crowd of spectators in Puno city.

One of the unique things about Cusco is the way stones are used. The architecture often involves the use of stones that fit almost as if they are stuck together with some special glue.

There is a great cathedral at the main square, which has a rich history. It was actually one of the most significant temples dedicated to the god Wiracocha during the Inca period. Its construction lasted from 1560 to 1668. The cathedral has two solid towers and is designed in Baroque and Manieriste Renaissance styles. It also has gothic characteristics.

There are many other temples and churches that you can visit, including:

-Santa Catalina Convent

-Compania de Jesus Church

-San Cristobal Church

-Santa Teresa Monastery

Cusco has several archeological remains, from which you can learn a lot. They include:

Koricancha: This was a temple that was among the prime targets of Spaniard robbery, as they expected to get many valuable items here.

Sacsayhuaman: This was an important religious center during the Incas period. However, the Spanish mistook it for a fortress due to its shape and position.

Q’enko: This is a great amphitheater having 19 windows, from where worship was carried out. There are also underground galleries and mazes leading to them. It is believed that some rituals were conducted here.

Two other important archeological sites that you may visit are Tambomachay and Pucapucara.

You should have a very good idea of the hotel where you would like to stay before you arrive to avoid being confused by taxi drivers who will often try to lead you to places where they expect to receive a commission. Take light meals during your first days, as the altitude may cause some breathing discomfort.

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