UK Carnatic Ensemble at Darbar Festival 2009

India is often referred as the land of the festival. Through out the year various festivals are celebrated all over the country. Different types of people based on the religious, caste and cultural background exist in the country. Though there is so much of diversity, these people live in complete harmonious way. Being a secular country, India offers it’s citizens freedom of practicing any religion and culture unless it creates communal disharmony. Festivals are one occasion which brings best out of Indians. During festivals they forget all enmities and open their arms to every visitors. These festivals are celebrated amidst much fanfare and on most occasion people from different community join each other in their moment of joy.

People in India have lot of respect for each others religion. The active involvement in the celebration of each others festivals bring unity among the general population and has led to the continuity of its secular credential. There are varied reasons for the celebrations of festivals in India. Some of them are celebrated to welcome new season, the rains or the full moon. Others are celebrated on religious occasions, birthday of religious saints, gurus and spiritual leaders. Most of these festivals are commonly celebrated in every part of India though with a different name. The celebrations are in the form of traditional rituals or prayers, seeking blessing, exchanging of friendship, beautifying the house, wearing new clothes, dancing and feasting.

Important Festivals of India

Home to some of the major religions of world like Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, etc, people of India celebrate every festivals quite devoutly and joyfully. Each region and religion have something to celebrate across the year. These festivals kind of reflect the life styles of people of this country. Colourful culture, traditions and festivity always keep people on their feet. Add this to joyful celebration in the form of feet tapping dances, exchanging of gifts etc, festivals are truly an occasion to treasure in India.

Sheer number of festivals celebrated all over the country makes it quite tough to keep a tap on all of them. The list of the festivals celebrated in Indian may go on and on. Some of the major festivals celebrated are Deepawali, Holi, Dussehra, Navratri, Raksha Bandhan, Christmas, Buddha Purnima, Ramadan, Eid, Baisakhi, Mahavir Jayanti, etc. There are some regional base festivals like Pongal, Onam, Bihu etc. Apart from them independence days, Gandhi Jayanti and republic day are important national festivals. They are celebrated in equally pompous way as others.

Types of Festivals

People in India celebrate different variety of festivals. Each of these festivals are as important as others.
With the globalization festivals too have become globalized. Many international festivals like Father’s day, Mother’s day, Valentine day, etc too are celebrated in quite popularly. There are many other national and local level festivals celebrated in India. All these festivals have become the essential part of the country’s day to day life.

International festivals: People in India also join world community in celebrating major international festivals. Being global citizen they pride in celebrating these festivals. Some of the major international festivals celebrated are Christmas, Father’s day, Mother’s day, Valentine days, Daughter’s day, etc.

National Festivals:

There are some festivals which are simultaneously celebrated through out the country. Though they may be named differently in some regions. Some of the important national festivals celebrated though out the country are Deepawali, Holi, Dussehra, Christmas, Eid, Rakshabandhan, Independence day, Republic Day, Gandhi Jayanti, etc. Dussehra which is a very popular festival is celebrated at one time with different name through out the country. In some parts of country like Bengal and Assam it is celebrated as Durga Puja. Deepawali is perhaps the most popular festival of India. According to the legend, this festival of light is celebrated in honour of the return of lord Rama to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile.

Though it is basically Hindu festival, during Deepawali people from every religion join in the celebration.

Local or Regional festivals:

In India every region have their own local or regional festivals. These festivals are an important occasion for community bonding. In fact these festivals are celebrated in as grand affairs as others. Some of the important regional festivals are Pongal, Onam, Bihu, Lohri, Baisakhi, etc. Pongal is an important regional festival of Tamil Nadu. It is one of the most important Tamilian festivals and celebrated every year on the 14th January.

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